Sufficient amount of feeding and care must be provided for better development of the calves , useful for replacement stock.Feeding and care of the calf begins before its birth .The barn should be dried 6-8 weeks prior expected calving and pregnant cattles should be fed well since under fed animals will give weak and small calves who are susceptible to many diseases.
Initial Care & Management :
Any type of mucus must be removed from mouth or nose just after the calves are born.Usually cows lick their babies or calves just after giving till dry which further helps to start the circulation of blood and also air that is breathing but during cold weather the cows are unable to lick their calves dry so towel or dry cloth or gunny bags are used . Doing this provides the calf with the necessary warmth and also gently pressing the chest with hand provides artificial respiration .
The umbilical cord attached to the naval must be cut two to three centimeters away from the calf’s body and cut should be made one centimeter below the ligature and apply any type of antibiotic or boric acid and also can apply Tr.Iodine ,etc
The pens should be kept dry, warm and clean mostly everyday. Monitoring and recording the cow’s weight and height is a great practice.
The mother cows teats and udder must we washed till dry using chlorine solution to maintain aseptic condition for the calf. Before milking first let the calf drink the first milk .
Mostly all calves stand after an hour of their birth if they don’t then the calves are weak and must to nursed properly till they recover properly.